AH Ad Hominem

The artifact attacks the person or organization instead of addressing the argument.

AB Age Bias

The artifact contains discriminatory stereotyping based on age or youth.

AA Aggregate Author

The artifact specifies only aggregate author information.

AS Anonymous Sources

The artifact cites one or more anonymous or unnamed sources.

AD Artifact Deleted

The artifact was deleted after publication.

BS Biased Sources

The artifact cites one or more biased or prejudicial sources.

BL Buried Lede

The artifact defers important or controversial information until later in the piece.

CH Citizen Harassment

The artifact harasses a common person.

CD Comments Disabled

The artifact does not support or allow comments.

CP Contains Plagiarism

The artifact contains or is comprised of plagiarized material.

CP Contains Profanity

The artifact contains one or more instances of profanity.

CF Content Forwarding

The artifact forwards the consumer to another published artifact.

CM Coronavirus Misinfo

The artifact contains misinformation about the 2020 coronavirus pandemic.

DEA Deceptively Edited Audio

The artifact contains audio that has been deceptively edited or manipulated.

DEV Deceptively Edited Video

The artifact contains video that has been deceptively edited or manipulated.

DC Derived Content

The artifact contains or incorporates original content from another source.

EC Encourages Censorship

The artifact encourages or promotes the silencing or deplatforming of an individual or group.

EA Excessive Advertising

The artifact contains excessive or disproportionate advertising.

EE Excessive Editing

The artifact has been repeatedly or substantially edited after publication.

EP Excessive Profanity

The artifact contains excessive profanity.

FC Fabricated Content

The artifact is fabricated or artificial.

FE Factual Errors

The artifact contains one or more factual errors.

GB Gender Bias

The artifact contains gender bias or misogyny.

GE Grammar Error

The artifact contains one or more grammatical errors.

HP Hard Paywall

The artifact is protected by a hard paywall.

IS Indulgent Sermonizing

The artifact contains indulgent sermonizing.

LE Logical Errors

The artifact contains one or more thought errors or logical fallacies.

MH Misleading Headline

The artifact contains a deceptive or misleading headline or title.

MA Multiple Authors

The artifact has multiple authors.

OM Opinion Masquerade

The artifact is opinionated but is presented as factual.

PT Partisan Tampering

The artifact omits, exaggerates, or alters the truth in service to a political party or ideology.

PI Personal Insult

The artifact contains one or more personal insults.

PB Political Bias

The artifact contains discriminatory stereotyping based on politics or creed.

PE Political Extremism

The artifact contains or endorses political extremism.

PD Predatory Deception

The artifact employs deceptive, manipulative rhetoric or misinformation.

PTH Public Threat

The artifact represents a potential threat to public safety.

PE Punctuation Error

The artifact contains one or more punctuation errors.

PP Purple Prose

The artifact contains excessively flowery and ornate writing.

RB Racial Bias

The artifact contains racial bias or discrimination.

RE Reckless Endangerment

The artifact engages in reckless endangerment.

RB Religious Bias

The artifact contains discriminatory stereotyping based on religion.

SP Soft Paywall

The artifact is protected by a soft or “porous” paywall.

SPE Spelling Error

The artifact contains one or more spelling errors.

SE Stealth Editing

The artifact has been stealth edited.

SA Stingy Attribution

The artifact fails to give clear and robust credit to a referenced source.

DA Dubious Assumption

The artifact makes foolish, dubious, or unlikely assumptions.

TM Trump Misinfo

The artifact contains misinformation about the 45th president.

UP Unnecessary Profanity

The artifact contains unnecessary profanity.

UA Unspecified Author

The artifact contains no author information.

VB Victim Blaming

The artifact assigns blame to the victim of a crime or abuse.

VI Violent Incitement

The article incites violence against people, organizations, and/or property.

VS Virtue Signaling

The artifact contains virtue signaling.